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Modern humans braved the cold with Neanderthals

last modified Sep 25, 2014 04:11 PM
Research, led by Dr Philip Nigst, Division of Archaeology, (Univeristy of Cambridge), contributes new information to the debate about modern human colonisation of Europe.


Early modern human settlement of Europe north of the Alps occurred 43,500 years ago in a cold steppe-type environment.  Recent finds at Willendorf II in Austria reveal that modern humans were living in cool steppe-like conditions some 43,500 years ago – and that their presence overlapped with that of Neanderthals for far longer than we thought.  

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Original publication in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA (


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